The quality and integrity of materials used for sewing projects often determine the final outcome of a seamstress’ or tailor’s work. While the fabric is regularly the focus of scrutiny because it is primarily what the garment or workpiece is going to be constructed out of, the thread is equally as important because it basically holds everything together.
Choosing the right type of thread is an absolute must if you want to make sure that you get the results that you desire. Like fabrics and needles, threads also come in a variety of types. Read on to learn more about them.
Common types of sewing threads
Cotton thread – Cotton threads are suitable for fabrics like cotton, linen, and rayon. They are known for their heat resistance, which is why they are popularly used on workpieces that later need to be pressed with clothes iron. Some cotton thread variants have a relatively rough texture, while others have a smoother finish, which allow them to pass through fabrics with greater ease.
Polyester thread – Polyester threads are a little more elastic compared to cotton threads, which make them more multipurpose compared to the former. You can use polyester threads when you are sewing woven synthetic fabrics, knitted fabrics, and fabrics that are a bit stretchy. Take note, however, that they do not take to heat as well as cotton threads.
Silk threads – Silk threads are made from natural silk fibers. They are very fine and are very useful for creating temporary stitches (basting) or when sewing very thin, delicate fabrics.
Nylon threads – Nylon threads are known for being strong, durable, lightweight, and flexible. You can use it for projects that use materials like canvas, vinyl, leather, fleece, suede, and tricot.
Wool threads – Wool threads are usually used for embroidery. They are also perfect for sewing heavier fabrics like wool, linen, canvas, and lightweight denim.
Elastic threads – Elastic threads are perfect for sewing projects that require techniques like gathering, crimping, and smocking for embroidery. It is also commonly used as trace yarn for knitted and crocheted fabrics.
Heavy-duty threads – Heavy-duty threads are used for projects that incorporate heavy fabrics or materials, like those used for making upholstery and outdoor gears.
Aside from these basic types of threads, there are many others that come in between, like the thread variants that combine fibers of two different materials (e.g. polyester and cotton) to enhance their quality. Always consult the shop you are buying your threads from to make sure that you are getting the right kind for your project.